Type 1 diabetes can cause some serious health problems. The treatment of diabetes-related health complications has improved over the past few decades. Before, the life expectancy of people with diabetes was 10 years shorter than those without it. But now the condition is much better. Here are the most common Type 1 complications that you must be aware of.
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (or DKA), is caused by high blood sugar. It causes a quick fat breakdown. Fatty acids are released and then converted into chemicals known as ketones. These become highly toxic when present in large doses. Dehydration, nausea, etc. are symptoms of DKA.
Heart disease and stroke
Diabetic patients have a greater risk of having heart disease. A heart attack is one of the most common causes of deaths among diabetic patients. Also, three out of four diabetic patients die of stroke.
Retinopathy and blindness
Retinopathy occurs due to diabetes. When heart problem occurs, it causes the blood vessels in the eye to weaken and burst occasionally. But when the blood vessels grow back, the growth is abnormal. These abnormal vessels get in the eyeball and retina, and the retina gets detached. You should maintain a healthy lifestyle to lower the risk of retinopathy and blindness.
If diabetes is poorly controlled, the kidney loses the ability to filter out protein. It leaks into the urine and causes kidney failure. About 20% to 30% people having diabetes have this condition.
Though these complications sound serious, most of these diseases can be prevented if you can keep your blood sugar in a safe range. You should do regular exercise and eat according to the doctor’s instructions to stay well.